EFL Student- Teachers' Perception in the Culture of Thinking


  • Shaima Mahdi Saalh
  • Danya Haqee Esmaeel




EFL student-teachers, Eight- cultural-Forces, culture of thinking, cultural thinking forces, Student- teachers’ perception


Many studies have recommended implying the skills and strategies of creative thinking, critical thinking, and reflective thinking in EFLT curriculum to overcome EFL teaching-learning process difficulties. It is really necessary to make EFL teachers aware of the importance of cultural thinking and have a high perception of its forces. Culture of thinking consists of eight cultural forces in every learning situation; it helps to shape the group's cultural dynamic. These forces are expectations, language, time, modeling, opportunities, routines, interactions, and environment. This study aims to investigate EFL student-teachers’ perceptions of cultural thinking. The participants are selected randomly from the fourth-stage students at the Department of English Language-College of Education for Women-University of Baghdad. The total population is (105), while the participants are (87) student-teachers. Ritchhart’s (2015) Eight-Cultural-Forces Scale was adopted as a study tool, and its face validity and reliability have been ascertained. It has been concluded that the student-teachers perceive the culture of thinking moderately despite their training program lack any sort of cultural thinking forces.


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How to Cite

Shaima Mahdi Saalh, and Danya Haqee Esmaeel. “EFL Student- Teachers’ Perception in the Culture of Thinking”. Journal of the College of Education for Women, vol. 33, no. 2, June 2022, pp. 1-12, doi:10.36231/coedw.v33i2.1584.