Journal of the College of Education for Women 2021-06-30T13:36:52+02:00 Journal of College of Education for Women Open Journal Systems <p><strong>&nbsp;Journal of College of Education </strong><strong>for Women</strong></p> <p><strong>E- ISSN: 2663-547X</strong><strong> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; P ISSN:1680-8738<br></strong></p> <p>1-The journal aims at developing and enriching scientific thought through the promotion and dissemination of research and theoretical and applied studies, which are prepared with the pens and hands of Scientists and Thinkers specialized in scientific institutions and professors of Iraqi, Arab and international universities in all languages ​​besides the Arabic language and in order to serve the humanitarian competencies of the college. The scope of the journal is in the areas of Art and Humanities and computer sciences including (Computer sciences, educational sciences, psychology, History, Geography, Kindergartens, English Language and literature, Arabic Language and Literature, Quranic Sciences and Islamic Education, Home Economics , Social Work and religion).</p> <p>The Journal hopes to deepen the scientific origin of the research and studies published in it by presenting it to professors and experts from inside and outside the country in the field of competence to evaluate them scientifically and linguistically.</p> <p>It is a refereed and accredited Journal in the scientific promotions of Iraqi university professors and for the consolidation of scientific research.</p> <p>The journal issued quarterly "with <strong>four issues per year<em>( March, June, September and December)</em> </strong>.The Average manuscript acceptance rate is 30%.</p> <table style="color: #222222; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; height: 13px;" width="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td class="m_1159951262695509670fieldName" style="font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; margin: 0px; font-size: 11px; color: #666666; width: 400px; text-align: right; vertical-align: top;">&nbsp;</td> <td class="m_1159951262695509670fieldValue" style="font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; margin: 0px; font-size: 11px; color: #666666; text-align: left; vertical-align: top; font-weight: bold;">&nbsp;</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> The Doctrinal Complication in Al-Ash'ari’s Doctrine and its Role in Managing the Doctrinal Disputes 2021-06-29T12:52:19+02:00 Mohamed Ararou <p>This research aims to clarify the concept of doctrinal rules and adjust its basic terminologies. It further aims to lay down a map for the method of rooting this science by mentioning its rooted sources, in addition to drawing a miniature picture of its history, origin, formation and development. The paper ends with practical models to highlight its importance in rooting the science of nodal rules and facilitating the mentioning of its scattered discussions in a short and comprehensive phrase. The study further illustrates the pioneering role of doctrinal rules science in managing the doctrinal disputes, combining multiple sayings, and in bringing together opposing opinions. The study follows the inductive, descriptive and analytical approach. The importance of the research topic lies in the fact that it tackles something that has not yet been widely examined. Thus, researching such a topic is considered a new thing due to the scarcity of what has been written on it, on the one hand. On the other hand, the topic is serious as it talks about the Contractual Rules, which have not gained sufficient research among the applicants. Besides, what has been so far written on the doctrinal rules is related to the chapters of the doctrine and its general discussions; a matter which is similar to Al-Ghazali’s rules of beliefs. No allocation was dedicated to its contractual aspect. Accordingly, the present research is one of the important building blocks of the doctrinal lesson, as it is related to inferencing the science of belief and collecting its dispersed discussions under general rules in an</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Style of Prophet's Civilized Dialogue in the Glorious Qur'an: The HUD (PBUH)-Aad Dialogue as a Sample 2021-06-29T12:52:18+02:00 Talal Khaleefah Salman <p>The present paper focuses on examining the style of both the civilized dialogue of Prophet Hud (PBUH) in the Glorious Qur'an, and the debated dialogue of Aad’s people. The study consists of an introduction which shows the importance of the civilized dialogue and its significant impact on containing, accepting, and persuading the other in peaceful ways without intolerance and violence. Then, the conditions and techniques of the civilized dialogue and its types have been mentioned. This is followed by the practical side of the study, which involves examining stylistically the techniques used in Hud’s (PBUH) civilized dialogue to be invested later in people’s future conversations. It is also concerned with investigating stylistically Aad's debated dialogue to avoid the techniques used in them in any future conversations. The research finally highlighted a number of conclusions, such as: The civilized dialogue is a persistent human need, especially with the increasing use of the debated dialogue which has led to devastating results at a global level. Moreover, Hud’s dialogue with his people was characterized by being civilized. Through which, he tried to contain, accept and persuade the other to the path of goodness and faith using various linguistic styles. The style of the Holly Quraan has stated through the transmitted Aad’s dialogues with Hud (PBUH) that Aad’s dialogues were debated and characterized by violence, threat, intimidation, and false accusation. Such a style was used by Aad people to stop Hud from promoting his invitation.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Polite Dialogue in Selected Samples of Quranic Stories 2021-06-29T12:52:18+02:00 Tara Farhad Shakir Alkadi <p>&nbsp;It is no doubt that dialogue is a behavior for human communication. It varies according to the place and occasion that requires it. Dialogues are of two types: positive purposeful and negative non-purposeful. The study aims to shed light on those patterns of dialogues contained in the Quranic stories represented by the characters and events participating in that dialogue activity. To expand the circle of social relations, and in order to make these relationships a success, there are several rules that must be adhered to.For instance, the dialogue should &nbsp;not be tolerant to a personal opinion, or prolonged, or should not deviate from its text. The expression of polite dialogue has been raised in recognition of these dialogue etiquette. To achieve this goal, one needs logical evidence that leads to persuasion, by taking into account the private and public psyche participating in the dialogue event. One&nbsp; further needs to link the ancestors backwards by recognizing the suffering of the prophets while communicating the heavenly messages. As for&nbsp; the approach used in the analysis, it is the mechanism of descriptive narration. It involves narrating the events and characters of the dialogue process using a multiplicity of patterns, such as the self-dialogue, the monologue dialogue, and the supreme dialogue. It can be said that the Quranic text is a vessel that contains a dialogue in all its forms, starting with the Almighty’s dialogue with his angels to His dialogue with Satan as well as His prophets. The study helps to strength the bonds of communication between the interlocutors by accepting the different points of view.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Using the Fear of Failure Motivation Teaching Technique on the Achievement of Students from the Department of the Holy Quran and Its Sciences at Khawlan Faculty of Education in Sana'a University 2021-06-29T12:52:17+02:00 Abdul-Ghani Ali Al-Muqbali <p>Nowadays, university education stands in front of both students who feel they are weak and teachers who are addicted to using traditional and dependent teaching. This has led to have negative repercussions on the learner from different aspects, including the mental aspect and the academic achievement process. Therefore, the present research is concerned with finding a new teaching method that adopts the motivation by the fear of failure technique. Thus, the study aims to examine the effect of adopting this method on students’ academic achievement. To achieve this aim, an experimental method was used, and an achievement test was built for the curriculum material of level two students. The pretest test was applied on 17 male and female students, then, the teaching was carried out using the motivation method of fear of failure. Later, the post-test was applied on the same sample.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teaching Arabic to Non-Native Speakers between Communication and Pragmatics:Qualitative Approach in Light of the Common European Framework of Reference for Teaching Foreign Languages 2021-06-29T12:52:17+02:00 Hidaya Tag Elasfia Hassan Elbasre <p>This research is qualitative in nature. It aims to investigate descriptively, analytically, and comparatively the modern AK model represented by the Sudan Open University Series, and the European framework, the common reference for Teaching Foreign Languages, to uncover what was achieved in them in terms of communication and language use. Accordingly, an integrated, multi-media approach has been adopted to enable the production and reception activities, and the spread of Arabic in vast areas of the world. Such a spread helps Arabic language to be in a hegemonic position with the other living languages. The study is based on getting benefit from human experiences and joint work in the field of teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers to meet the needs of learners. Such knowledge helps to overcome the pragmatic dimension dilemmas, and the duality between formal and colloquial, leading as a result to have a global recognition of its outputs. The study revealed the importance of building the communication and pragmatic capabilities of language learners since they both represent the&nbsp; life and vitality of language. It further necessitates rebuilding curricula and updating them in a way that makes communication and the use of language a reality. The research recommended eliminating any difficulties that face the Arabic language learner from the non-speakers, by making use of what was provided by the Common European Framework of Reference for Teaching Foreign Languages.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Sources of Organizational Power Prevailing among Academic Leaders at University of Tabuk and its Relationship to Institutional Creativity from the Viewpoint of Faculty Members 2021-06-29T12:52:16+02:00 Shurooq Abdul-Khaleq Al-Asmari Ali Hasan Alqarni <p>This study aims to examine the sources of organizational power prevailing among the academic leaders at the University of Tabuk from the faculty members’ viewpoint. The purposes behind such an aim are: to reveal the level of administrative and technical institutional creativity, the nature of the relationship between the reality of organizational power and the level of institutional creativity, and to disclose statistically the significant differences between the averages of faculty members’ responses attributed to the demographic variables (gender,&nbsp; years of experience, academic degree). The study used the descriptive approach, both survey and correlational. A questionnaire was used to collect data from a simple random sample of (354) faculty members.Results have revealed that the sample agreement came at a high degree on both the reality of organizational power in its dimensions as well as on the level of institutional creativity of academic leaders. A very strong statistically significant direct correlation has been found between the reality of the morganizational power and the level of institutional creativity. Moreover, the statistically gender-based significant differences detected among the mermbers’ response averages about the sources of compulsion power and experience power were in favour of males and females, respectively. Speaking of the academic degree variable in the source of experience power, it was in favor of assistant professor category.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Wisdom-Based Thinking and its Relationship to the Psychological Capital 2021-06-29T12:52:21+02:00 Talel Ghalib Alwan <p>The present study aims to identify wisdom-based thinking and its relationship to psychological capital. It further aims to find out the differences in the level of wisdom-based thinking and psychological capital according to the variables of gender and specialization (scientific, humanities). To achieve this, the study has been conducted on a sample of (380) male and female students. The two scales, wisdom-based thinking and psychological capital are implemented to the sample after being constructed by the researcher and after ensuring their psychometric characteristics' suitability for the study's aims. Results concerning the first aim have shown that there is a significant relationship among students. The second aim has revealed that there is no statistically significant difference according to the gender variable in wisdom-based thinking. According to the variable of specialization in wisdom-based thinking, there are statistically significant differences. Besides,&nbsp; there is no statistically significant difference between the variables of gender and specialization in wisdom-based thinking. According to the third aim, the results have proven a significant relationship among students, whereas the fourth aim does not have any statistically significant differences according to the gender variable. There are statistically significant differences in favor of students of humanities specialization. It has further found that there are statistically significant differences between the gender and specialization variables. Further, in the fifth aim, results have shown that there is a significant correlated relationship between the two variables. Accordingly, the study has set forward a number of recommendations and suggestions.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Education and the Challenges of Globalization during the Corona Pandemic: A Field Study from Baghdad University Professors’ Point of View 2021-06-29T12:52:20+02:00 Mayssam Yassin Obaid <p>study aims to examine education and the challenges of globalization in light of Corona pandemic. The examination involves surveying a randomly selected sample from the University of Baghdad’s professors, particularly from the colleges of Education for Women, Arts, and Sciences. The purpose of this examination is to learn about the dimensions of globalization, its effects on the educational process, and the importance of distance education during the spread of Corona virus quarantine. To achieve this, the researcher followed a descriptive and analytical approach by applying a questionnaire to a sample of 70 teachers who were randomly selected electronically. Results have shown that 78.6% emphasized the contribution of globalization during Corona pandemic to develop teachers’ ability to employ modern technology and informatics. Besides, 65.7% pinpointed the role of globalization in activating the dialogue between teachers and learners during the discontinuation of the traditional means of teaching. This further allowed for continuity and non-stop education. Besides, there are differences between the effects of globalization and the learning of violent behavior for students attributed to gender and for the benefit of males. In addition, there are no statistically significant differences between globalization and academic achievement of students during corona pandemic at the freedom degree (1) and level of significant (0.05). Accordingly, the study recommended the need to review the educational system and reformulate its goals, objectives, goals and curricula in light of the globalization of knowledge that has become a reality. This can only be achieved by developing the capabilities of the teachers and the learners to face the challenges of globalization and get adapted to them.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Developmental Role of Social Work in Reducing Social Extremism:A Field Study in Baghdad University-College of Mass Communication as a Model 2021-06-30T13:32:34+02:00 Mohammed Hamid Alwan <p>This study deals with the role that social work profession plays in all its fields to reduce social extremismat home, or school or within society. The study aims to: examine the historical roots of social work in the Iraqi society, investigate the objectives of the developmental role of social work, review the theories of social extremism, its characteristics, and causes, and to analyze the developmental role of social work to limit social extremism. To meet the objectives of the study, a descriptive analytical approach has been adopted. It involves using the social sampling survey method, i.e., a questionnaire tool in the University of Baghdad community-College of Media. The sample was randomly selected to include (100) students from the College of Mass Communication. The study has concluded that (75%) of the sample answered Yes about the developmental role of social work in curbing extremism within the family. Moreover, 85% of the research sample emphasized the developmental role of social work in curbing extremism within the school community. The results have also revealed a relationship between the developmental role of social work and the reduction of social extremism within the school community. This is because the computed value is (68.5) which is greater than the tabulated value (48.3) at a degree of freedom (1) and a level of significance (0.05). It has alsobeen noted&nbsp; that there is a significant correlation relationship at (0.05) level of significance between the developmental role of social work and social extremism.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Effect of Natural Factors on the Cultivation and Production of Sesame Crop in Al-Qadisiyah Governorate 2021-06-30T13:31:10+02:00 Kawthar Nasser Abbas <p>Sesame crop, one of the very important oily, industrial, and summer crops that is economically important, has been investigated. The plantation and production of this crop has been studied in Al-Qadisiyah governorate during 2003-218. This is because this governorate is well-known by sesame plantation. Such a study helps to know the geographical distribution of sesame agricultural season in 2017-2018, and explore the most important natural factors that affect its plantation. Different research approaches have been adopted based on that facts that need to be met. A field study approach has been used in studying sesame crop descriptively and conceptually, shedding light on its nutritional and economic importance. Moreover, a descriptive comparative approach has been adopted when studying the geographical factors to know about the factors that affect its plantation and production in the area in question. Results have shown that climatic conditions of the area is suitable for its plantation and production. However, the soils of Al-Qadisiyah are of various categories. The best category is the riverbank soil, then comes river basin soil, and the depression soil of poor drainage. The latter has been invested after reclaiming it through planting the rice crop. Another type of soil is the sand dune soil which is unsuitable for agricultural production. Another type is the gypsum desert soil, which is agriculturally poor. Results have further revealed that rivers are considered the main surface water resource in the irrigation process as represented by the Euphrates Riverand its branches within the governorate. This is due to the lack of rain and its fluctuation.&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Geographical Analysis of Health's Field for Families in Al-Adhamiyah and Rusafa Districts in 2016 2021-06-29T12:52:20+02:00 Samar Hussein Oglah Salah Muhsin Jasim <p>This research aims to analyze the indicators of spatial variation in the guide of health field in both Al-Adhamiyah and Rusafa districts according to the environmental and administrative units in 2016. The analysis was done by groups of health guide indicators. The objectives of the study were to identify the spatial variation of health services and assess the health situation for families following the environmental and administrative units of the studied area. Such objectives can be done by specifying the extent of the families’ consent to the type of services, measuring the cases of deprivation, and identifying the most deprived areas. The study has finally concluded that there is a clear spatial variation between the indicators and the guide of health with respect to the environmental and administrative units. The percentage of deprivation of the families according to the guide of health's field was 16.43% .On the other hand, the sustained families and those who are in a better situation were accounted for 25.18% and 58.39%, respectively. Furthermore, the highest deprivation percentage according to the health's guide field was in Rashidiya area with a deprivation percentage reaching 30%, while the lowest percentage was in Rusafa district, 9.09%. Moreover, the study has found that the highest deprivation percentage was the indicator of the quickest access to hospital. Their deprivation percentage reached 53.42% whereas the care indicator during pregnancy shows a less deprivation ratio, reaching 1.05% for the studied area.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Morphometric Characteristics of the Aziana Valley Basin 2021-06-29T12:52:19+02:00 Heba Mohammed Fayyad Isaac Saleh Al-Akam <p>The present study aims at examining quantitatively the morphometric characteristics of Iziana Valley basin that is located in the northern part of Iraq; particularly in south of Erbil Governorate. This basin is considered one of the small sub-basins where its valleys run on formations of the Triple and Quadrant Ages, which are represented by the Bay Hassan formations, and the sediments and mixed sediments of the cliffs, respectively. The area of ​​the Iziana basin amounts to (36.39 km<sup>2</sup>) whereas the percentage of its rotation reaches (0.17); a low percentage, which indicates that the basin diverges from the circular to the rectangular shape. The value of the elongation ratio of the basin reaches (0.38) while the terrain ratio of the basin is (0.03), a low percentage that entails the weakness of its erosion processes and the small volume of the carried and transported sediments. As for the relative topography of the basin, it was (1.08), which is also a low value. It indicates a relatively large area of ​​the basin and the impressive strides that it has made in its erosion cycle. The total river levels of the basin reach (5) ranks, and their numbers vary from one rank to another. Moreover, the total length of the drainage networks in the basin reached (187.4 km), and the prevailing drainage patterns in the basin are the tree and parallel patterns. The researcher has adopted spatial, formal, topographical, and river net-work properties for the purpose of first determining the shape of the basin, the stage of its erosion, its secondary basins, and its terrestrial features that have been developed as a result of the contrast between the erosion and sedimentation processes.&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-27T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Pragmatic Analysis of Questions and Responses in American Defense Attorneys' Cross-examinations 2021-06-30T13:36:52+02:00 Rihab Abdul jaleel Saeed Alattar <p>The structure of the interrogation process in cross-examinations is said to be diverse and complex in terms of question-response typology. This is because the counsel has to extract truth from an opposing party’s witness whose views are expected to advocate that party's views regarding the case. Accordingly, the study which is basically quantitative in nature aims to investigate what the examining party intends to obtain out of these questions and which of these questions are the most prevalently used. It also aims to measure the amount of cooperativity in witnesses' responses. Accordingly, three transcripts of cross-examination have been analyzed, using a pragmatically-oriented approach. The approach draws on Stenstorm (1984) and Archer's (2005) classification of questions; Stenstorm (1984) and Archer's (2002) classificatory scheme of responses which is based on the strategies of violating Grice's (1975) maxims to determine the degree of cooperation on the part of respondents. The analysis revealed a diversity in the attorneys' method, making the use of four types of leading questions as well as non-leading ones represented by WH questions. The latter recorded the least percentage in comparison with the overall percentage of leading questions. That is; a preference is shed on the part of cross-examining counsel towards leading over non-leading questions. Moreover, the majority of the responses given have indicated the witnesses' commitment to the purpose and format of the questions posed, showing a high level of cooperativity on the part of those witnesses</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Persuasive Strategies in WHO COVID-19 Virtual Press Conferences 2021-06-29T12:52:19+02:00 Firas M. Hammad Juma’a Q. Hussein <p>Persuasion is an indispensable skill in everyday life; that is why, it has aroused researchers’ interest. This study aims to investigate the most frequently used persuasive strategies in texting WHO COVID-19 Virtual Press Conferences and explore how these strategies are employed to achieve persuasive messages.To this end, a text of WHO COVID-19 Virtual Press Conferences has been chosen randomly to be analyzed based on Dillard and Shen’s (2013) “Persuasive strategies in Health Campaigns”. A qualitative method has been adopted in analyzing the selected data to investigate the credibility and validity of the persuasive strategies used in such a domain. Findings have shown that most of the persuasive appeals based on the adopted model are used, but in varying proportions. The total number of the persuasive strategies used in the data is (38) where the <em>incentive appeals</em> constitute 36% (14), the quantitative dissemination factors equal to 18 % (7), the one sided-vs. two-sided messages are 18 %(7), the evidence is 13 %(5), the message sources are 7 % (3), and the message qualities are 5 % (2), respectively. These frequencies show that ‘incentive appeals’ are mostly used. This is because Physical health, or factors, such as the economic, legal, psychological, social, and effort are the key dimensions of the incentive appeals. Each has a positive potential and negative evaluations based on audience’ predispositions. Accordingly, the field in which the persuasive appeals are used determines the frequent use of each one.</p> 2021-06-27T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##