Journal of the College of Education for Women 2019-10-10T12:04:55+00:00 Journal of College of Education for Women Open Journal Systems <p><strong>&nbsp;Journal of College of Education </strong><strong>for Women</strong></p> <p><strong>E- ISSN: 2663-547X</strong><strong> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; P ISSN:1680-8738<br></strong></p> <p>1-The journal aims at developing and enriching scientific thought through the promotion and dissemination of research and theoretical and applied studies, which are prepared with the pens and hands of Scientists and Thinkers specialized in scientific institutions and professors of Iraqi, Arab and international universities in all languages ​​besides the Arabic language and in order to serve the humanitarian competencies of the college. The scope of the journal is in the areas of Art and Humanities and computer sciences including (Computer sciences, educational sciences, psychology, History, Geography, Kindergartens, English Language and literarature, Arabic Language and Literature, Quranic Sciences and Islamic Education, Home Economics , Social Work and religion).</p> <p>The Journal hopes to deepen the scientific origin of the research and studies published in it by presenting it to professors and experts from inside and outside the country in the field of competence to evaluate them scientifically and linguistically.</p> <p>It is a refereed and accredited Journal in the scientific promotions of Iraqi university professors and for the consolidation of scientific research.</p> <p>The journal issued quarterly "with <strong>four issues per year<em>( March, June, September and December)</em> </strong>.</p> The Architectural Heritage of Baghdad in Ibn Al-Faqih Hamadani's Book Baghdad the City of Peace And its impact on Sustainable Development 2019-10-10T12:04:55+00:00 Fatima Zabar Anazan, Iraq <p>This research shows the importance of Baghdad in the field of urban heritage and was demonstrated in the Ibn al-Fiqh al-Hamdani's book <em>Baghdad the City of Peace</em> in which he focused on many urban aspects and reviewing its historical importance by connecting them with modern events and the role they play in cultural and civilized construction which included: mosques, schools and markets etc. and the service providing institutions and other pillars of the Islamic cities through showing the development back then and its importance as an integral part of the urban and cultural heritage of the Islamic cities in general and Baghdad city in particular.&nbsp;</p> <p>In his book <em>Baghdad the City of Peace</em>, Ibn al-Faqih Hamadhaani carried plenty of data about Baghdad, in relevance to urban, civilized and intellectual life which included: feudalism, skylight and city gates, and other service centers that were abundant in the city, which formed in its content a part of the curriculum that was followed by him as the base he used as sporadic categories which had an effect in achieving sustainable development and building cultural bridges between nations in the intellectual field and to observe the development which the pillars mentioned in the book witnessed as these pillars represent an important link of the knowledge, communication and cultural formation links, these links are considered with benefits over the ages. This is one of the goals through which Ibn al-Fiqh al-Hamdani expressed the depth of that heritage, including its exploits and personalities.</p> 2019-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Cultural Coexistence in Islamic History 2019-09-20T19:25:29+00:00 Sajda Taha Mahmood <p>The difference and pluralism among members of the same society is a fact undeniable and ignored, passed by the Quran, and confirmed by the Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammed in more than one occasion, so that the Apostle r placed a document included in its terms an agreement with the Jews, and recognized the coexistence between Muslims and Jews, which stems from the great principle of a tolerance, which recognizes the rights of others and the freedom to believe what is believed to be right, so it was incumbent upon us, and we live in rivalry repulsion and jealousies to recognize the principle of coexistence with the other, and accept it in accordance with the legitimate controls with pride of belonging to the Islamic religion, in this sense I suggested writing in this topic, I live &nbsp;in a country bedeviled Discord and rivalry between his sons, and only because they missed the concept of coexistence and the teachings of their religion and forgot how to deal with each other. The study concluded a group of results and recommendations, the most important of which are: The historical&nbsp; relationships&nbsp; of civilizations are not&nbsp; characterized&nbsp; by&nbsp; exchanging.</p> 2019-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reading Readiness Skills in Preschool Children 2019-09-21T07:17:56+00:00 Estabraq Dawood Salim <p>This research aims to identify the following :</p> <ul> <li>The reading willingness skill to kindergarten children.</li> <li>There is no statistical significance difference between average scores of reading willingness skill of the sample individuals as a whole, and the hypothetical average of the scale.</li> <li>The difference in reading willingness skill to kindergarten children according to gender variable (male &amp; female).</li> <li>There is no statistical significance difference between average scores of reading willingness skill for kindergarten children according to gender variable (male &amp; female).</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; To achieve the research goals, the researcher adopted the test of (Alkhafa-2014) for reading willingness skill, as it's consisted of seven skills: Visual recognition, Audio recognition, Audiovisual recognition, Optical recognition, Audio memory, Visual tracking, pronunciation and speaking skill.</p> 2019-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Community Innovation and Its Role in Gender Mainstreaming Aand Development Issues 2019-09-20T21:19:29+00:00 Zahraa Imad Al-Hussaini Shaimaa Hussain Alahbab <p>Gender mainstreaming is a goal for building a society characterized by justice and equality. Gender mainstreaming requires a clear understanding of the concept. Therefore, the research focuses on the concept of gender and how it was addressed in the literature through which the concepts related to gender were extracted which is represented by the role and social status through which the relationship of gender can be measured. In order to find out the basis for the different status and roles of both sexes in societies, the interpreted theories of gender were addressed, through which the most important factors affecting gender relations, such as biological, social and economic factors, as well as political systems, were discussed. Due to the changing factors temporally and spatially, gender relations are also changing. As a result of these changes, the concept of gender has become a prominent concept in various aspects of life and has been the focus of many writers, researchers and conferences on how to contribute to gender and what mechanisms contribute to the uncles. The research focused on the concept of social innovation and the role of community initiatives as a means of mainstreaming gender into development issues.</p> 2019-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Educational Services Efficiency in Jalawla 2019-09-20T20:05:39+00:00 Ali Abid Mahmoud <p>The city of Jalawla is the administrative center of Jalawla district. It is located in the district of Khanaqin with a population of 62117 inhabitants in 2018. The city of Jalawla suffers from an imbalance in the geographical distribution of educational services among the residential neighborhoods. There are only two schools in the camp district According to the city's population, if the city of Jalawla needs eleven kindergartens and needs one primary school, eight middle schools, two preparatory schools, three secondary schools and two vocational schools. Despite the low share of the teacher or teacher for the number of students (25) students Enrollment in schools for the school of high school athletes and school students. Which determines the number of students per division (2040) students This requires the construction of additional classes to reduce the number of students in the Division, and the criterion of distance. Most of the students travel more than the distance of the planning standards, and this is due to the imbalance in the geographical distribution of educational services in the city of Jalawla. The city of Khanaqin today needs to rebuild its schools according to the requirements of modern construction and reconstruction of damaged schools after the events of 2014 and solve the problem of double and triple hours, which in turn affected the time of lesson share with the construction of laboratory rooms that need some scientific lessons.</p> 2019-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Linguistic Term and the Problems of the Arabic Reception 2019-09-21T10:23:26+00:00 Hanaa Mahmood Ismail <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The linguistic researcher reads a systematic crisis, idiomatic problems within the linguistic term coming to the Arab culture. Where most of them return back to problems of receiving these sciences which are represented by phenomena like the multiplicity linguistic term, disturbance translated idiomatic concept and its duality.</p> <p><strong>Aims of the research</strong> :</p> <p>1-Initializing new textbooks to form linguistic project and Arabic linguistic theory.</p> <p>2-Determination adjusted knowledge, concepts of Arabian heritage linguistics subject</p> <p>3-Observation &nbsp;the causes of disturbance crisis of linguistic term and its relation to the self –receiver.</p> <p>4- The specification concept of ( Receiving Problems), its obstructions, originate its intellectual references and its knowledge system.</p> <p>This research is organized within three parts to be initiated with the preamble: ( Linguistics &amp; Knowledge Obsession). &nbsp;Part one discusses ( Relation of linguistics with terminology). Whereas the second part discusses ( Problems of the linguistic term). The last one is concerned with : ( Problems of Linguistic term as obstructions and solutions). And it followed the descriptive way to study and explanation.</p> 2019-09-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Problems Facing the Teachers of Kindergartens 2019-09-21T06:49:45+00:00 Jury Mu’in Ali <p>The research aims at:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Identifying the problems facing kindergarten teachers.</li> <li class="show">Identifying the nature of the problems facing kindergarten teachers.</li> </ol> <p>To achieve the aim of the research, the researcher prepared a questionnaire to identify the problems that face the teachers of kindergartens. The questionnaire was subjected to the consultation of a group of specialized expertise in the educational and psychological sciences to certify the propriety of the items of the questionnaire and it gained a rate of (80%), and the stability of the scale gained (0.91) and it stands for a correlation parameter with a statistical significance and it was calculated by using Person’s R Correlation. The sample of the research contained (118) teachers of Kindergartens in Baghdad City including its two sides of Al Karkh and Al Rusafah. The research has come up with the result that 20 problems have been spread in kindergartens that the teachers were suffering of. It has been recognized that the first item of the shortage in games and playing tools got a probable means of (2.761) and a percentage weight of (92.033 %) and the last item of having the parental indifference of supporting the essential daily tools and needs of the child in his bag gained a a probable means of (1.8) and a percentage weight of (60 %).</p> 2019-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## History of Local Reprimands in the Northwest Caucasus from Ancient Times to the 19th century 2019-09-20T19:57:13+00:00 Nidal Abu Jawad Al-Karawi <p>Ubikh is one of the most important tribes of the Northwest Caucasus and has a long history. Naturally, rebukes are an integral part of the Caucasus region. Their people were able to confront the Russian invasion of their lands like the rest of the Caucasus tribes to defend their existence, freedom and the right to build their independent state, but they were not able to resist the great Russian military progress they achieved on all sides. For the territory that belonged to Persia and the Ottoman Empire and ended the resistance of the Meridian movement in the Northeast Caucasus, the Russians left only the weak resistance of the tribes of the Northwest Caucasus led by the rebuke after Russia managed to eliminate all resistance movements in the Caucasus In the Northwest Caucasus, the research was based on an integrated historical approach based on the presentation of historical material, and linked them objectively taking into account the use of descriptive method and analysis of events, at both the political and military levels in the Ubik tribes in the Caucasus</p> 2019-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Measuring the Social Phobia Fifth-Secondary Stage Female Students 2019-09-22T04:20:40+00:00 Hala Abdulameer Muklif <p>The current research aims to know the measurement of the fifth- secondary stage female&nbsp; students' affliction with the social phobia . The research is confined to General directorate of Education in Baghdad / Al-Karkh/2 / for the academic year 2015-2016 and fifth-secondary stage female students. It has been used descriptive method and &nbsp;exposed theoretical sides and previous studies concerning with the &nbsp;social phobia.The procedures of the research include the application of the&nbsp; social phobia scale on random sample of&nbsp; fifth- secondary stage female&nbsp; students ( both&nbsp; branches scientific and literary). The current study has concluded&nbsp; that the&nbsp; fifth- secondary stage female&nbsp; students have&nbsp; phobia&nbsp; with different levels&nbsp; ( high , very high ,&nbsp; medium&nbsp; and low) The current study has displayed &nbsp;singnificant conclusions, recommendations&nbsp; and suggestions.</p> 2019-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Heritage in Abdul Wahab Al-Bayati's Divan Collection of Poems: Oriental Texts 2019-09-21T11:08:19+00:00 Fadhil Abdulameer Shareef <p>&nbsp;Heritage reflects peoples' memory and essence of nations. Thus, this divan was really the material and tool for writers in general and poets in specific both in their artificial innovations . Accordingly, modern writers have endeavored to bring heritage back in all its details and occurrences. Abdullwahab Al-Bayati's experience had reflected his innovative and strong link with the humanitarian heritage, in that heritage in view of Al-Bayati means both the humanitarian expertise and gains that are able to extend from past to future passing through the present.From this,&nbsp;&nbsp; the poet had not disconnected his strong&nbsp; link&nbsp; with the Arab poetic heritage .Thus, the poet&nbsp; had utilized the&nbsp; Arab poetic heritage in expressing on the Arab contrary reality especially in his last poetic divan ( Poetic Texts ) which included poetic texts expressed his dialogues with&nbsp; the heritage symbols and characters ,one of them is Abualallaa Al-Maa'arri , Hafidh Sherazzi , Abu Tammam , Ibn Arabi , and others , as well as mythical symbols, particularly Aisha ( Forouzendah ) in that this universal symbol had dominated Al-Bayati in most collections of poems .This symbol , Aisha ( Forouzendah ) , denotes renewed love or&nbsp; a unified universal power&nbsp; , or as Al-Bayati states about this character as the subjective and collective&nbsp; symbol of love that is unified in one unified soul of existence . In addition, his last poetic divan had linked with many&nbsp; spatial spaces such as Makkah, Damascus , Baghdad , Hawran , Tadmmur , and Bukharah .</p> 2019-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Zanjan , Name and Origin: A Glimpse of Its History 2019-09-21T08:04:56+00:00 Tha'air Salman Faisal Shakir Mahmoud Ahmed <p style="text-align: right;"><strong>&nbsp; </strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;الهدف من البحث هو تسليط الضوء حــول مدينة اسلامية غير معروفة لكثير من الناس لها تاريخ قديم&nbsp; في بلاد فارس جرت فيها أحداث مهمة أذ تتمتع بخصوصية (سياسية, وعسكرية, واقتصادية, واجتماعية, وعلمية), فمدينة زنجان من المدن التاريخية المهمة كونها تعود الى عهد ما قبل التاريخ وتكمن اهميتها الى موقعها الجغرافي الذي تمر به القوافل التجارية على الطريق القديم وازدهار الزراعة والصناعة لما تمتلكهُ من أراضي خصبة وأنهار كثيرة وجبال تنقب فيها المعادن, ولا ننسى أهميتها السياسية من خلال محاولة مختلف القوى للهيمنة والسيطرة عليها, وكذلك لهذه المدينة حظوة علمية فبرز فيها علماء الفقه والحديث جعل المدينة متفتحة علمياً, واما الطريقة التي اتبعت في كتابة البحث هي حسب التسلسل الزمني للأحداث التاريخية للمدينة, وأهم النتائج التي توصلت إليها من خلال بحثي هذا تبين بأن هذه المدينة من أهم المدن العريقة كونها مدينة أثرية قديمة وتفتخر هذه المدينة بأنها شيدت من قبل الملك أردشير بابكان كبير سلالة الملوك الساسانيين, وظهرت فيها أديان مختلفة منها فارسية قديمة كالزرادشتية وغيرها, وكذلك اليهودية والمسيحية إلى أن دخلها المسلمين سنة (22هـ /642م)،.</p> 2019-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Men and Women’s Education and Illiteracy in Adrar Speech Community 2019-09-20T19:55:01+00:00 Bachir Bouhania, Algeria- الجزائر <p>In Algeria, education is compulsory for males and females. This foundational decision was taken right after the independence of the country in 1962. Soon after, in 1963, the central government decided the Arabisation of the whole educational levels starting from primary school till university. At the same period, illiteracy-eradication programmes were launched by the Ministry of Education to get rid of this post-colonial scourge. In the administrative department (or Wilaya) of Adrar, former Tuat, young males and females attend Quranic schools (Zawaya) well before any formal education, that is as early as 4-5 years of age. The adult people who are not enrolled in formal classes could sit for non-formal ones. However, actual measurements and statistics reveal that the number of male and female pupils is not balanced: The present research paper aims at describing this phenomenon through statistics provided by the last National Census (2008), Adrar local educational academy, and Adrar Illiteracy-eradication Centre. The methodology consists in interviewing representatives and directors of the aforementioned institutions and surveying their archives and enrollment registers. The overall results show that the boys are more numerous than the girls in formal schools, while the reverse trend is noticed in Illiteracy-eradication classes where women are more present than men. From sociological and sociolinguistic viewpoints, women’s increase of attendance of illiteracy-eradication classes can be interpreted as their attempt at having a certain educational level to overcome societal difficulties, at climbing up the social ladder, and at securing prestigious social positions within the community.</p> 2019-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A New Logic of Victory in Suzanne Collins’ The Hunger Games With Reference to Elements of Intertextuality in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies 2019-09-21T11:18:37+00:00 Enas Subhi Amer <p>Suzanne Collins’ novel &nbsp;<em>The Hunger Games</em> suggests a new logic of victory and set a distinguished focus on the unique personality of her heroin which brings to the mind the permanent correlation between all moral values. <em>The Hunger Games</em> World seems to be much more like one big bowl as it links the past, present, and the future. An Intertextual reference is interwoven in the present research as it brings Golding’s <em>Lord of the Flies</em> to the surface, and it highlights certain similarities between the two texts. In which Ralph, Piggy and Simon in Golding’s <em>Lord of the Flies </em>are the incarnations of stable moral values and hope of surviving ethics and rules in a chaotic and turmoil world. The events in Collins’ book prove that a character is refined and enriched by the challenges he/she overcomes through his/her lifetime. It presents a picture of contemporary life which is characterized by a condensed intellectual and spiritual crisis. The word "Hunger" in the novel is metaphorical; it denotes the uncontrollable need for political freedom, a healthy social system and equal opportunities in life. In the world of Panem's District 12, bread means represents a survival from hunger. The elites of Panem use hope as a method of control. Katniss embodies the hope of a better world, a liberated Panem.</p> 2019-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Cognitive Linguistic Study of the English Preposition 'in' 2019-09-22T04:12:43+00:00 Raghad Fahmi Aajami <p>The present study aims at analyzing the polysemy of the English preposition <em>in</em> from the cognitive linguistic (CL) point of view using Evans' and Tyler's approach (2003). The perplexity faced by Iraqi second language learners (L2) due to the multi-usages of this preposition has motivated the researcher to conduct this study. Seventy-six second year university students participated in this experimental study. The data of the pre-test and post-test were analyzed by SPSS statistical editor. The results have shown the following: First, a progress of more than (0.05≤) has been detected as far as students' understanding of the multiple usages of the preposition <em>in</em> is concerned. Second, the results of the questionnaire have shown a prominent positive change in the students' attitude toward CL approach. Third, the main source of difficulty has been shown to be attributed to the diversity in the semantics of the preposition <em>in</em>. Fourth, CL as an approach has proven its effectiveness in accurately comprehending the semantics of the English preposition <em>in.</em></p> 2019-08-30T14:23:30+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Translation of Polysemous Words in Harry Potter 2019-09-21T06:32:06+00:00 Muthana Hameed Khalaf <p>The paper pays attention to the polysemous words <em>Harry Potter</em> (HP). In this story, the present study exams some picking polysemic words to the extent that the translators of HP prevail to render the proposed significance as per the setting of the first content. Obviously, the picking translators in this examination were not mindful of the wonder of polysemy in the HP. They embrace a strict interpretation methodology to pass on the greater part of the polysemic sense. The method of data collection is divided into two stages. Firstly, determining the situational context of the fantasy and identifying the polysemic sense to clearly make all the contextual meanings of the source text. Secondly, reviewing the selected translation to examine how far they express the TL meaning of the polysemic sense. &nbsp;The present study clarifies that strict translation is reasonable to convey all components of the polysemic words. Furthermore, the translators need to utilize a selected methodology to conquer the confounding circumstance in deciphering polysemic words. In order to get a standard equivalence from multilingual dictionaries, &nbsp;comparative stylistic study functions to determine the contextual connotation and make the sense of polysemous notion.</p> 2019-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##